The Day of Arafah, tomorrow, the 30th July 2020, is an Islamic Holy Day, in which the verse of the Qur’an was revealed which explained that the religion had been perfected. The Day falls on the 9th day of Dhul Hijja of the lunar islamic calendar. This happens to be approximately 70 days after the end of the month of Ramadan. It is the second day of the Hajj pilgrimage and the day after is the first day of the major Islamic Holiday of Eid ul adha. At dawn of this day, Muslim pilgrims will make their way from Mina to a nearby hillside and plain called mount Arafa and the Plain of Arafa. It was from this site that the Prophet gave his famous Farewell Sermon in his final year of life.
The day of Arafa is the day of the knowledge of themselves and of one’s own failings, it is the moment in which it is natural to ask for forgiveness in your heart to all the people you hurt. During the pilgrimage the people stand all day long. It is also a day of fasting.
Arafat is the name of the desert and day of Arafa is the ninth day of the month of Zul-Hajja, the day that everyone meets at this desert only to see each other, to live together a day to recognize each other, as Arafa means to know – to be acquainted with Allah in being with each other. It is the place of every Muslim in the simple clothing of two pieces of white material. They know each other with the name of “Hajj” or one who is intending, not by title or rank. It is the land of equality, no boundary but different nations. No restriction of moving from one part to another. All the nations are brothers and are together in this vast desert.
Crowds of people stand on Mount Arafa, which is meant to remind those standing of the Day of Resurrection, when crowds of people stand waiting for judgment. Standing as a singular community encourages pilgrims to rid themselves of pride.
In the end of the day of Arafa, they all move to the valley of Muzdalifa or Mash’ar (awareness). If in the vast desert of Arafat they were separated and each group and nationality were by themselves, the valley of Mash’ar brings everyone together because they are in Mash’ar (awareness) . The night of Mash’ar is to pick up the stones to be thrown at dawn. They stay behind the boundary of Mina and pick up small stones or pebbles for each battle with Satan. You will need 7 stones for at least seven attacks on each evil or a total of 49 stones.
The reality is that Muslims are one “Ummah” and one nation with different languages and cultures and from different races and boundaries. In this desert, Muslims are neighbors to each other and spend a full day together as the World of Islam is one. They are not divided and the line of Allah is extended to hold firm on it and be not divided.
From among the many merits of this day, a few are that this is the day the religion was perfected and the blessings of Allah were complete. The following verse was revealed to the Messenger of Allah (Allah bless him and give him peace) on the day of ‘Arafah: Allah says: “Today, I have perfected your religion for you, and have completed My blessing upon you, and chosen Islam as Dīn (religion and a way of life) for you”. (Al Maidah: V3)
The completion of Allah’s blessing refers to forgiveness for ones sins by Allah, as without it the blessings of Allah cannot be complete. This brings to light the importance of being forgiven by Allah.
Fasting on Arafah day is an expiation for sins committed the year before and the year after:
Abu Qatadah (may Allah be pleased with him) is reported to have said that the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) said: “Fasting on the day of ‘Arafah is an expiation (of sins) for two years, the year preceding it and the year following it. (Reported by Ibn Majah)
ARAFA AND EID UL ADHA
Dhu al-Hijjah is the twelfth and final month in the Islamic calendar.
The Day of Arafa takes place on the ninth day of the month Dhul Hijjah, therefore it will be on 10th August 2019 inshaAllah.
Eid ul Adha, the “Festival of the Sacrifice”, begins on the tenth day, 11st August and ends on sunset of the twelfth.
According to Islamic traditions, the first 10 days of Dhul Hijjah are the most blessed days in which to do good deeds.
It is definitely desirable to fast the first 9 days of this month, The Prophet, saws, used to do so. Or the 8th, 9th, 10th.
The so-called “farewell pilgrimage”, was the last performed by the Prophet (saws) to the Ka’ba. In that occasion, he outlined peculiarities very important for the life of the faithful, made known the relevant provisions, proven rights and repealed iniquities.
It’s beautiful day when the pilgrims reach the town of ‘Arafat, a vast plateau surrounded by small hills, among which stands out the “mountain of mercy”, which was the scene of the last great public preaching of the Messenger (upon him peace and blessing of Allah). The rest of ‘Arafat is the essential moment and highlight of the pilgrimage: the pilgrims camped in the large open space invoke divine forgiveness. And this is the moment in which the closeness of Allah becomes stronger and He opens the doors of His mercy and accepts the requests of the faithful. It is also the day on which Allah frees men from hell.
So we know that the Prophet (upon him blessings and peace of Allah) went in person to lead the pilgrimage that will remain known as the “farewell pilgrimage” and that will be the basis in his description to the definitive establishment of their rites. In that solemn pause Gabriel (as) came down on Rasulallah (saws), bringing the words of the Most High: “Today I have perfected your religion, and I turned My favors on you, and i liked the Islam religion for you … “(Sura 5 of the table: 3).
So the Messenger (saws) said: “O people! Beware of excess in religion, in fact it made perish the ones who were before you, the excess in religion. ”
“O people! Your blood, your property, your honor are sacred until you meet your Lord, as this day is sacred in this month in this area. Quote “your blood”, indicating the soul, which is prominent with respect to the goods and honor because it is the most beloved thing that human being possesses.
With the reference to the soul, goods and honor, comes the hint referring to the five principles that Islamic jurisprudence asks to preserve, that is, religion, intellect, soul, property and honor. So we have to take care of the soul, property and honor in a time when such evils as discord, slander and other temptations are widespread.
The universality of Islam that can be seen from what Allah Powerful and Exalted said, and His Messenger told (saws). In fact, it turns to the onlookers: “O people!” And does not define them faithful or pilgrims.
(Khutba the Imam of the Grand Mosque of Rome, Friday, Oct. 11, 2013)
There is a Special Night Prayer for the first 10 days of the holy month of Dhul Hijjah, and especially for the night of Arafa. In the last third of the night perform 4 rakaat and and in each rakaat recite:
1 Suratu l Fatiha
1 Suratu l Falaq
1 Suratu l Nas
3 Suratul Ikhlas
3 Ayatul Kursi
The day of Tarwiyya
It is the 8th day of the month, when the pilgrims from Mecca reach Mina.
The Day of Arafa
It is the 9th day when the pilgrim ask for forgiveness in Arafat.
Prayer on the day of Arafa
(To be performed between Zuhur and Asr). It is 4 rakaat, and in each rakaat you recite:
1 Suratu l Fatiha
50 Suratu l Ikhlas
The Day of Arafah you may recite:
La Ilaha illa Allah Wah’dahu La Shariqa Lah Lahu Al Mulk wa Lahul Hamd Yuhyi waYumit wa Huwa ala Kulli Shay’in Qadir 100x.
Surat al Ikhlas, 100x.
SubhanAllah wa Al Humdulillah wa La Ilaha illa Allah wa Allahu Akbar,100x.
Salawat on the Prophet (sas) 100x.
For the Day of Arafah, you may recite from the morning till evening 1000 Surat Ikhlas. It is a day of fasting.