Arafa and Eid ul Adha: 31 August, 1 September, 2017
*** Friday 31 August is Arafa (fasting) and Saturday 1 September is Eid ul Adha (celebration).
Dhu al-Hijjah is the twelfth and final month in the Islamic calendar.
The Day of Arafa takes place on the ninth day of the month Dhul Hijjah, therefore it will be on 31st August 2017 inshaAllah.
Eid ul Adha, the “Festival of the Sacrifice”, begins on the tenth day, 1st September and ends on sunset of the twelfth.
According to Islamic traditions, the first 10 days of Dhul Hijjah are the most blessed days in which to do good deeds.
It is definitely desirable to fast the first 9 days of this month, The Prophet, saws, used to do so.
The so-called “farewell pilgrimage”, was the last performed by the Prophet (saws) to the Ka’ba. In that occasion, he outlined peculiarities very important for the life of the faithful, made known the relevant provisions, proven rights and repealed iniquities.
It’s beautiful day when the pilgrims reach the town of ‘Arafat, a vast plateau surrounded by small hills, among which stands out the “mountain of mercy”, which was the scene of the last great public preaching of the Messenger (upon him peace and blessing of Allah). The rest of ‘Arafat is the essential moment and highlight of the pilgrimage: the pilgrims camped in the large open space invoke divine forgiveness. And this is the moment in which the closeness of Allah becomes stronger and He opens the doors of His mercy and accepts the requests of the faithful. It is also the day on which Allah frees men from hell.
So we know that the Prophet (upon him blessings and peace of Allah) went in person to lead the pilgrimage that will remain known as the “farewell pilgrimage” and that will be the basis in his description to the definitive establishment of their rites. In that solemn pause Gabriel (as) came down on Rasulallah (saws), bringing the words of the Most High: “Today I have perfected your religion, and I turned My favors on you, and i liked the Islam religion for you … “(Sura 5 of the table: 3).
So the Messenger (saws) said: “O people! Beware of excess in religion, in fact it made perish the ones who were before you, the excess in religion. ”
“O people! Your blood, your property, your honor are sacred until you meet your Lord, as this day is sacred in this month in this area. Quote “your blood”, indicating the soul, which is prominent with respect to the goods and honor because it is the most beloved thing that human being possesses.
With the reference to the soul, goods and honor, comes the hint referring to the five principles that Islamic jurisprudence asks to preserve, that is, religion, intellect, soul, property and honor. So we have to take care of the soul, property and honor in a time when such evils as discord, slander and other temptations are widespread.
The universality of Islam that can be seen from what Allah Powerful and Exalted said, and His Messenger told (saws). In fact, it turns to the onlookers: “O people!” And does not define them faithful or pilgrims.
(Khutba the Imam of the Grand Mosque of Rome, Friday, Oct. 11, 2013)
There is a Special Night Prayer for the first 10 days of the holy month of Dhul Hijjah, and especially for the night of Arafa. In the last third of the night perform 4 rakaat and and in each rakaat recite:
1 Suratu l Fatiha
1 Suratu l Falaq
1 Suratu l Nas
3 Suratul Ikhlas
3 Ayatul Kursi
The day of Tarwiyya
It is the 8th day of the month, when the pilgrims from Mecca reach Mina.
The Day of Arafa
It is the 9th day when the pilgrim ask for forgiveness in Arafat.
Prayer on the day of Arafa
(To be performed between Zuhur and Asr). It is 4 rakaat, and in each rakaat you recite:
1 Suratu l Fatiha
50 Suratu l Ikhlas
The Day of Arafah you may recite:
La Ilaha illa Allah Wah’dahu La Shariqa Lah Lahu Al Mulk wa Lahul Hamd Yuhyi waYumit wa Huwa ala Kulli Shay’in Qadir 100x.
Surat al Ikhlas, 100x.
SubhanAllah wa Al Humdulillah wa La Ilaha illa Allah wa Allahu Akbar,100x.
Salawat on the Prophet (sas) 100x.
For the Day of Arafah, you may recite from the morning till evening 1000 Surat Ikhlas. It is a day of fasting.